Koy Sanjaq (KS): The language of your Jews out of Koy Sanjaq, resident because the about 1951 in the Israel

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Trang chủ » Koy Sanjaq (KS): The language of your Jews out of Koy Sanjaq, resident because the about 1951 in the Israel

Koy Sanjaq (KS): The language of your Jews out of Koy Sanjaq, resident because the about 1951 in the Israel

09:29:38 - 06/10/2022

Suggestions is inspired by Robert Hoberman (personal communications). That it is apparently broadly member of your own Jewish dialects out of a number of other places for the region too, together with Aqra and you will Rawanduz.

Although not, inside dialect there was a highly strange alter off h so you can h regarding the third person singular possessive suffixes: resIh ‘his head’

Azerbaijan (Azer): The words of your Jews out of Iranian Azerbaijan, and communities inside Urmi, Salmas, Basqale, Mahabad, and you may Yuksekova. Data is out of Garbell (1965).

Halabja (Hala): What of your own Jews regarding Halabja towards the Iran-Iraq edging. This is very nearby the Jewish languages of your other metropolises of the region, including Saqqiz, Suleimaniya, Sanandaj, Baneh, and you can Panjwin. Guidance comes from my notes.

We’re going to compare these dialects pertaining to https://datingranking.net/cs/wellhello-recenze/ twenty-four phonological, morphological, morpho-lexical, and you may lexical criteria. Adopting the Hetzron (1976, 98), we have picked simply innovations as requirements to have category. I have picked a disproportionate quantity of morphological conditions, therefore we shall give them special weight, again after the Hetzron, but almost every other common designs might be considered as really.

Mention also the much harder preservation as well as insertion regarding when you look at the Koy Sanjaq reported of the Hoberman (1985)

Even as we examine new dialects out-of NENA we will try to influence brand new the total amount that brand new dialects express a distinct pattern and therefore differs from Turoyo and you may Mandaic. At the same time, we’re going to pick bundles of isoglosses in this NENA.

(1) Worry may be penultimate throughout the new NA languages, along with Turoyo and you may Mandaic although not from the around three easternmost Jewish dialects, Jewish Azerbaijani, Koy Sanjaq, and you will Halabja, which will stress the very last syllable. These types of languages take a look, similar to this, as in numerous (Garbell 1965), to display an unusually strong influence regarding Kurdish.

(2) Most of the NENA languages features combined h and x. During the Hertevin the result is h, and you will every-where otherwise it’s x: Hertevin haye ‘life’ (Jastrow 1988, 189) and dmehli ‘I slept’ (Jastrow 1988, 18), Tkhuma xa:[Theta]a ‘new’, Jilu ptIxli ‘I opened’ (Fox 1992, 45), and you will +damxotu ‘you sleep’ (Fox 1992, 55).(4)

Each other Turoyo and you may Mandaic hold independent h and you may x. Particular NENA dialects has reintroduced h just like the a borrowing off Kurdish otherwise Arabic otherwise away from Classical Syriac otherwise Hebrew.(5) Although not, the passed down words continuously suggests x. Such, within the Tisqopa you can find borrowed Arabic terms, including sahabi ‘friend’, that have h, but passed on terms for example laxma ‘bread’ constantly tell you x. (6)

(3) The NENA dialects but Hertevin and you will Zakho have forfeit most era of passed down. Like, inside the Aradhin we discover arba ‘four’, upra ‘earth’ corresponding to Syriac arb a great and afra. For the Hertevin plus Zakho, handed down was daily ?: Hertevin thus?a ‘seven’ (Jastrow 1988, 99), Zakho sme?la ‘she heard’ (Meehan and you may Alon 1979, 189). In lot of most other dialects most are kept just like the ?, and you will, regarding the rest, is gone completely. Some languages enjoys reintroduced lent regarding Arabic otherwise Kurdish. Instance, Halabja has actually ayza ‘good’.

(4) In before languages out of Aramaic, as in Tiberian Hebrew, t became [Theta] just after a beneficial vowel. So it alternation might have been lexicalized within the NENA, that have often t otherwise [Theta] spread using whole paradigms, whether preceded of the good vowel or otherwise not. Eg, into the Aradhin brand new verb ‘come’ is now offering [Theta] throughout: a[Theta]ya ‘it (fem.) comes’, but also [Theta]e:los angeles ‘she came’ (Krotkoff 1982, 70, 74). Next, in a number of languages the new phoneme [Theta] provides gone through extra transform. In a few languages [Theta] has blended returning to t, plus others it’s become s if not l.(7) In one dialect, Jilu, it’s become h and then been erased but in the start of a keyword. The three easternmost Jewish dialects display the latest alarming shift regarding [Theta] to 1. The outcomes of them alter is visible about keyword ‘house’ which looks in numerous languages since the feel:[Theta great]a good (Tkhuma), biya (Jilu), beta (Hertevin), bela (Halabja), and you will besa (Sanandaj Religious).

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